VEHICLE TRAVEL VELOCITY AND PEDESTRIAN INJURY RISK

The study Relation between Vehicle Travel Velocity and Pedestrian Injury Risk in Different Age Groups for the Design of a Pedestrian Detection System (http://bit.ly/1Io9Vc4) clarifies the relation between the vehicle travel velocity and pedestrian injury severity or fatality risk using vehicle-to-pedestrian accident data from a macro database for 2009 in Japan. The percentage risk of fatality was consistent between sedans and light passenger cars at every vehicle travel velocity and increased rapidly at a vehicle travel velocity of 40 km/h, which targets pedestrians in all three age groups. The risk of fatality in the elderly age group increased rapidly at 40 km/h in car-to-pedestrian accidents involving sedans and light passenger cars; 4% or less at 30 km/h or lower, but 12% or more at 40 km/h or higher.